Protecting the environment through criminal sanctions

The Environmental Offences and Penalties Act 1989 (NSW)

Zada Lipman, Lachlan Roots

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)


This article examines the latest developments in relation to the Environmental Offences and Penalties Act 1989 (NSW). In particular, it focuses on the difficulties that have arisen in applying traditional principles of criminal law to environmental offences. The authors undertake an examination of these difficulties by reference to a number of important issues recently determined by the courts in relation to concepts of criminal liability in the area of environmental law, such as mens rea, corporate and directors 'Jlability, the privilege against self-incrimination, and double jeopardy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)16-36
Number of pages21
JournalEnvironmental and Planning Law Journal
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1995

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