Protein nutrition in autism

Saravana Babu Chidambaram*, Abid Bhat, Arehally Marappa Mahalakshmi, Bipul Ray, Sunanda Tuladhar, B. S. Sushmitha, B. Saravanan, Manivasagam Thamilarasan, Arokiasamy Justin Thenmozhi, Musthafa Mohamed Essa, Gilles J. Guillemin, M. Walid Qoronfleh

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

    3 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Autism is a developmental disorder that affects communication and behavior. Although autism can be diagnosed at any age, it is said to be a “developmental disorder” because symptoms generally appear in the first 2 years of life. The primary cause of autism is still not clear and therapy is currently restricted to controlling behavioral abnormalities. However, emerging studies have shown a link between mitochondrial dysfunction and autism. Dietary supplements that promote mitochondrial biogenesis and inhibit the production of oxidative stress have been used to treat autism patients. Dietary adjustments in treating autism is a novel approach to suppress autistic symptoms. Supplementation with antioxidants has been found to not only inhibit cognitive decline but also improve behavioral symptoms in autism. Dietary supplements fortified with vitamins should only be given under the supervision of a physician. A wide range of nutraceuticals are under clinical trials to understand whether they physiologically target mitochondrial pathways and improve the quality of life in autism.

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationPersonalized food intervention and therapy for autism spectrum disorder management
    EditorsM. Mohamed Essa, M. Walid Qoronfleh
    Place of PublicationSwitzerland
    PublisherSpringer
    Chapter20
    Pages573-586
    Number of pages14
    ISBN (Electronic)9783030304027
    ISBN (Print)9783030304010
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2020

    Publication series

    NameAdvances in Neurobiology
    Volume24
    ISSN (Print)2190-5215
    ISSN (Electronic)2190-5223

    Keywords

    • Amino acids
    • ASD
    • Autism
    • Dietary therapy
    • Gluten-free, casein-free (GFCF) diet
    • Malabsorption
    • Mitochondrial dysfunction
    • Nutritional imbalance
    • Peptides
    • Protein maldigestion

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