Proteome analysis of endometrial tissue from patients with PCOS reveals proteins predicted to impact the disease

Mehdi Alikhani, Fatemehsadat Amjadi, Mehdi Mirzaei, Yunqi Wu, Faezeh Shekari, Mahnaz Ashrafi, Mehdi Mehdizadeh, Matthew McKay, Sara Taleahmad, Samaneh Aghajanpour, Vivek Gupta, Hossein Baharvand, Reza Aflatoonian, Ghasem Hosseini Salekdeh*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a complex disease that causes an ovulatory infertility in approximately 10% of reproductive-age women. We searched for candidate proteins that might contribute to endometrial receptivity defects in PCOS patients, and result in adverse reproductive outcomes. Shotgun proteomics approach was used to investigate the proteome profile of the endometrium at the luteal phase in PCOS patients compared to healthy fertile individuals. Biological process and pathway analyses were conducted to categorize the proteins with differential expressions. Confirmation was performed for a number of proteins via immunoblotting in new samples. 150 proteins with higher abundance, and 46 proteins with lower abundance were identified in the endometrial tissue from PCOS patients compared to healthy fertile individuals. The proteins with higher abundance were enriched in protein degradation, cell cycle, and signaling cascades. Proteins with lower abundance in PCOS patients were enriched in extracellular matrix (ECM) composition and function, as well as the salvage pathway of purine biosynthesis. Metabolism was the most affected biological process with over 100 up-regulated, and approximately 30 down-regulated proteins. Our results indicate significant imbalances in metabolism, proteasome, cell cycle, ECM related proteins, and signaling cascades in endometrial tissue of PCOS, which may contribute to poor reproductive outcomes in these patients. We postulate that the endometria in PCOS patients may not be well-differentiated and synchronized for implantation. Possible roles of the above-mentioned pathways that underlie implantation failure in PCOS will be discussed. Our findings need to be confirmed in larger populations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8763-8774
Number of pages12
JournalMolecular Biology Reports
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2020


  • Endometrial tissue
  • Luteal phase
  • PCOS
  • Shotgun proteomics


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