Proteome analysis of ground state pluripotency

Sara Taleahmad, Mehdi Mirzaei, Lindsay M. Parker, Seyedeh Nafiseh Hassani, Sepideh Mollamohammadi, Ali Sharifi-Zarchi, Paul A. Haynes, Hossein Baharvand, Ghasem Hosseini Salekdeh*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

The differentiation potential of pluripotent embryonic stem cells (ESCs) can be manipulated via serum and medium conditions for direct cellular development or to maintain a naïve ground state. The self-renewal state of ESCs can thus be induced by adding inhibitors of mitogen activated protein kinase (MAPK) and glycogen synthase kinase-3 (Gsk3), known as 2 inhibitors (2i) treatment. We have used a shotgun proteomics approach to investigate differences in protein expressions between 2i- and serum-grown mESCs. The results indicated that 164 proteins were significantly upregulated and 107 proteins downregulated in 2i-grown cells compared to serum. Protein pathways in 2i-grown cells with the highest enrichment were associated with glycolysis and gluconeogenesis. Protein pathways related to organ development were downregulated in 2i-grown cells. In serum-grown ESCs, protein pathways involved in integrin and focal adhesion, and signaling proteins involved in the actin cytoskeleton regulation were enriched. We observed a number of nuclear proteins which were mostly involved in self-renewal maintenance and were expressed at higher levels in 2i compared to serum - Dnmt1, Map2k1, Parp1, Xpo4, Eif3g, Smarca4/Brg1 and Smarcc1/Baf155. Collectively, the results provided an insight into the key protein pathways used by ESCs in the ground state or metastable conditions through 2i or serum culture medium, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Article number17985
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalScientific Reports
Volume5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16 Dec 2015

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