Proteomics has revealed differential protein expression and glycosylation in membrane proteins from premature aging Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome fibroblasts (progeria). Progeria is a rare autosomal dominant genetic disorder of premature aging characterized by marked growth retardation and specific, progressive, premature senescent changes of the skin and other tissues. Affected children live to an average age of 13 years. The 1q20-24 region of chromosome 1 which codes for one of these proteins, lamin A/C, has previously been implicated by Brown et al. (1990) who described identical twins with progeria, where cytogenetic analysis showed an inverted insertion in the long arm of the chromosome in 70% of cells. Luengo et al. (2002) similarly reported an interstitial deletion of chromosome 1q23, in a 9-year-old patient with a classic clinical picture of progeria.
- Genetic disease
- Premature aging