Rice is a critically important food source but yields worldwide are vulnerable to periods of drought. We exposed eight genotypes of upland and lowland rice (Oryza sativa L. ssp. japonica and indica) to drought stress at the late vegetative stage, and harvested leaves for label-free shotgun proteomics. Gene ontology analysis was used to identify common drought-responsive proteins in vegetative tissues, and leaf proteins that are unique to individual genotypes, suggesting diversity in the metabolic responses to drought. Eight proteins were found to be induced in response to drought stress in all eight genotypes. A total of 213 proteins were identified in a single genotype, 83 of which were increased in abundance in response to drought stress. In total, 10 of these 83 proteins were of a largely uncharacterized function, making them candidates for functional analysis and potential biomarkers for drought tolerance.
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- Drought stress
- Shotgun proteomics
- Label-free quantitation
- Mass spectrometry