Prudent practices for the design and installation of heat-producing devices near wood materials

Vytenis Babrauskas*, Brian F. Gray, Marc L. Janssens

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The conditions required to cause ignition of solid wood materials under short-term heating are examined, and it is found that the appropriate ignition temperature applicable under these conditions is 250°C. It is then shown that ignition requirements are different if long-term heating is involved and that ignition can occur at exposure temperatures much lower than the ignition temperature pertinent to short-term heating. It is shown that hot surfaces of 77°C or higher, if located for a long duration next to a wood member are liable to lead to its ignition in a self-heating mode. Recommendation is made that prudent practices for design or installation must also involve a suitable safety factor.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)125-135
Number of pages11
JournalFire and Materials
Volume31
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2007
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Electrical appliances
  • Heat-producing devices
  • Hot surfaces
  • Ignition
  • Plumbing codes
  • Self-heating
  • UL standards
  • Wood materials

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