Psychometric characteristics of the Brazilian-Portuguese versions of the Functional Rating Index and the Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire

Leonardo Oliveira Pena Costa*, Chris G. Maher, Jane Latimer, Paulo Henrique Ferreira, Giovanni Campos Pozzi, Rodrigo Nogueira Ribeiro

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

85 Citations (Scopus)


STUDY DESIGN. Translation, cross-cultural adaptation and psychometric testing of self-report outcome measurements. OBJECTIVES. The aims of this study were to adapt the Functional Rating Index (FRI) to Brazilian- Portuguese and to test the psychometric properties of this new questionnaire and the Brazilian-Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire (RMDQ). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA. Self-report measures are commonly used in clinical practice and in research studies. Most existing questionnaires were developed in English and there is only 1 Brazilian-Portuguese cross-cultural adaptation of a spine outcome measure. METHODS. The FRI was translated and adapted into Brazilian-Portuguese according to the Guidelines for the process of cross-cultural adaptation of self report measures. The Brazilian-Portuguese FRI and RMDQ were tested for internal consistency, reliability, ceiling and floor effects, construct validity, and responsiveness in 140 low back pain (LBP) patients. RESULTS. A very high level of internal consistency (Cronbach's α = 0.92) and reliability [ICC = 0.95 (95% confidence interval, 0.93-0.97)] was shown for both instruments. The FRI and RMDQ were highly correlated (r = 0.80), while both the FRI and RMDQ were moderately correlated with pain at baseline (r = 0.67 and 0.55, respectively). No ceiling or floor effects were detected; however, the responsiveness of both questionnaires was quite small (RMDQ ES = 0.10 [84% confidence interval, 0.04-0.16] and FRI ES = 0.18 [84% confidence interval, 0.11-0.24]). CONCLUSION. The results of this study indicate that the Brazilian-Portuguese versions of the FRI and RMDQ are reliable and valid instruments for the measurement of disability in Brazilian-Portuguese-speaking patients with LBP presenting for physiotherapy treatment. Both instruments are suitable for use in clinical practice and research studies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1902-1907
Number of pages6
Issue number17
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2007
Externally publishedYes


  • Construct validity
  • Functional Rating Index
  • Functional status
  • Low back pain
  • Portuguese version
  • Reliability
  • Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire

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