Psychometric development of the Upper Limb Lymphedema Quality of Life Questionnaire demonstrated the patient-reported outcome measure to be a robust measure for breast cancer-related lymphedema

Angela E. Williams, Frances Rapport, Ian T. Russell, Hayley A. Hutchings

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: To develop and undertake initial validation of a patient-reported outcome measure to assess health-related quality of life in patients with breast cancer–related upper limb lymphedema (ULL).

Study Design and Setting: We developed and validated the Upper Limb Lymphedema Quality of Life (ULLQoL) scale in two stages: devising the items and pretesting with patients and clinicians; longitudinal validation to test its psychometric properties-underlying dimensions, internal consistency, test-retest reliability, construct validity, and responsiveness. Patients with ULL were recruited from two outpatient clinics.

Results: We derived the ULLQoL scale from a pool of 98 items generated by patients. After further consultation, we produced the draft ULLQoL scale. For validation, 103 patients with ULL completed the draft scale and two generic health measures: SF-36 and ED-5D-3L. Psychometric analysis identified two components, physical and emotional well-being, with good internal consistency and test-retest reliability. Significant correlations with SF-36, EQ-5D-3L, and percentage excess limb volume confirmed construct validity. The ULLQoL scale showed good responsiveness to change reported by lymphedema patients and moderate to large effect sizes.

Conclusion: The 14-item ULLQoL scale is a robust ULL-specific measure that is feasible and valid to use in both the clinical and research settings.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)61-70
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Clinical Epidemiology
Volume100
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2018

Keywords

  • Quality of life
  • Lymphedema
  • Development
  • Psychometric analysis
  • Patient-reported outcome measure
  • Breast cancer

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