Psychopathic personality traits and iowa gambling task performance in incarcerated offenders

Melissa A. Hughe*, Mairead C. Dolan, Jennifer S. Trueblood, Julie C. Stout

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

There is a paucity of research on how psychopathy relates to decision-making. In this study, we assessed the relationship between affective decision-making and psychopathic personality. A sample of prisoners (n=49) was characterized in terms of psychopathic traits using the Psychopathic Checklist: Screening Version (PCL:SV). Decision-making was assessed using the Iowa Gambling Task (IGT). Higher levels of psychopathy related to more advantageous choices (p =.003). Also counter-intuitively, higher levels of antisocial traits (facet 4) predicted advantageous choices during the learning phase of the task (p =.004). Our findings suggest that some psychopathic facets may be more relevant to decisionmaking under risk, and highlight the importance of further investigations considering facet and trait-level relationships with decision-making

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)134-144
Number of pages11
JournalPsychiatry, Psychology and Law
Volume22
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jan 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cognition
  • Decision-making
  • Executive function
  • Learning
  • Personality disorder/ antisocial personality disorder
  • Prisoners

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