Pulsations and period changes of the non-Blazhko RR Lyrae variable Y Oct observed from Dome A, Antarctica

Zhihua Huang, Jianning Fu, Weikai Zong, Lingzhi Wang, Lucas M. Macri, Lifan Wang, Michael C. B. Ashley, Xiangqun Cui, Long-Long Feng, Xuefei Gong, Jon S. Lawrence, Qiang Liu, Daniel Van Luong, Carl R. Pennypacker, Huigen Yang, Xiangyan Yuan, Donald G. York, Xu Zhou, Zhenxi Zhu, Zonghong Zhu

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During the operation of the Chinese Small Telescope Array (CSTAR) in Dome A of Antarctica in the years 2008, 2009, and 2010, large amounts of photometric data have been obtained for variable stars in the CSTAR field. We present here the study of one of six RR Lyrae variables, Y Oct, observed with CSTAR in Dome A, Antarctica. Photometric data in the i band were obtained in 2008 and 2010, with a duty cycle (defined as the fraction of time representing scientifically available data to CSTAR observation time) of about 44% and 52%, respectively. In 2009, photometric data in the g and r bands were gathered for this star, with a duty cycle of 65% and 60%, respectively. Fourier analysis of the data in the three bands only shows the fundamental frequency and its harmonics, which is characteristic of the non-Blazhko RR Lyrae variables. Values of the fundamental frequency and the amplitudes, as well as the total pulsation amplitude, are obtained from the data in the three bands separately. The amplitude of the fundamental frequency and the total pulsation amplitude in the g band are the largest, and those in the i band the smallest. Two-hundred fifty-one times of maximum are obtained from the three seasons of data, which are analyzed together with 38 maximum times provided in the GEOS RR Lyrae database. A period change rate of -0.96 ± 0.07 days Myr-1 is then obtained, which is a surprisingly large negative value. Based on relations available in the literature, the following physical parameters are derived: [Fe/H] = -1.41 ± 0.14, MV = 0.696 ± 0.014 mag, V - K = 1.182 ± 0.028 mag, logTeff = 3.802 ± 0.003 K, log = 2.705 ± 0.004, log L/L = 1.625 ± 0.013, and log M/M⊙ = -0.240 ± 0.019.

Original languageEnglish
Article number25
Number of pages6
JournalAstronomical Journal
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Copyright 2015 The American Astronomical Society. First published in the Astrophysical Journal, 149(1), 25, 2015, published by IOP Publishing. The original publication is available at http://www.doi.org/10.1088/0004-6256/149/1/25. Version archived for private and non-commercial use with the permission of the author/s and according to publisher conditions. For further rights please contact the publisher.


  • stars: individual (Y Oct)
  • stars: variables: RR Lyrae
  • techniques: photometric Supporting material: data behind figure


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