Punjabi (Lyallpuri variety)

Qandeel Hussain, Michael Proctor, Mark Harvey, Katherine Demuth

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    3 Citations (Scopus)


    Punjabi (Western, ISO-639-3 pnb) is an Indo-Aryan language (Indo-European, Indo-Iranian) spoken in Pakistan and India, and in immigrant communities in the UK, Canada, USA, and elsewhere. In terms of number of native speakers, it is ranked 10th among the world's languages, with more than 100 million speakers (Lewis, Simons & Fennig 2016). Aspects of the phonology of different varieties of Punjabi have been described in Jain (1934), Arun (1961), Gill & Gleason (1962), Singh (1971), Dulai & Koul (1980), Bhatia (1993), Malik (1995), Shackle (2003), and Dhillon (2010). Much of this literature is focused on Eastern varieties, and the phonology of Western Punjabi dialects has received relatively less attention (e.g. Bahri 1962, Baart 2003, 2014).

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)282-297
    Number of pages16
    JournalJournal of the International Phonetic Association
    Issue number2
    Early online date6 May 2019
    Publication statusPublished - Aug 2020

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