PWPSim

a new simulation tool of pulse wave propagation in the human arterial tree

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference proceeding contribution

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Hemodynamic simulation enhances investigations of pulse wave propagation phenomena and enables validation of new methods of pulse wave analysis. However, such simulation systems or tools are not readily available nor easily accessible. In this study, a new simulation tool of pulse wave propagation in the human arterial tree was developed based on a transmission line model (TLM). This paper describes the theory of TLM of the human arterial tree used by this simulation. The results are a display of the main functions and simulation results of this tool. This tool allows simulation of pulse wave propagation with capability to change the range of parameters, such as heart rate, mean flow and left ventricular ejection time, body height, arterial radius and wall thickness, arterial viscoelasticity, peripheral resistance and compliance. It also accounts for the nonlinear elasticity of arteries. The simulation results are displayed as 2D and 3D figures of blood pressure and flow waveforms, input impedance and pressure transfer function between aorta and femoral artery, including systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, pulse pressure, carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity, brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity and ankle-brachial index. It is a useful and interactive simulation tool of pulse wave propagation in the systematic arterial tree.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication39th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC) 2017 : proceedings
Subtitle of host publicationSmarter Technology for a Healthier World
Place of PublicationPiscataway, NJ
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
Pages3672-3675
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9781509028092
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 13 Sep 2017
Event39th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2017 - Jeju Island, Korea, Republic of
Duration: 11 Jul 201715 Jul 2017

Conference

Conference39th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2017
CountryKorea, Republic of
CityJeju Island
Period11/07/1715/07/17

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  • Cite this

    Xiao, H., Butlin, M., Tan, I., & Avolio, A. P. (2017). PWPSim: a new simulation tool of pulse wave propagation in the human arterial tree. In 39th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC) 2017 : proceedings: Smarter Technology for a Healthier World (pp. 3672-3675). [8037654] Piscataway, NJ: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). https://doi.org/10.1109/EMBC.2017.8037654