Pyrazolyl-N-heterocyclic carbene complexes of rhodium as hydrogenation catalysts: The influence of ligand steric bulk on catalyst activity

Michael J. Page, Jörg Wagler, Barbara A. Messerle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A series of bidentate 1-(1-pyrazolylmethyl)-substituted NHC ligands (13a-c, 14a-c and 15a-c) were synthesised with substituents of varying steric bulk incorporated adjacent to the donor atoms. These ligands were coordinated to rhodium(I) to give a series of complexes of the general formula [Rh(L)(COD)]BPh 4 (where L = a mixed-donor pyrazolyl-NHC ligand and COD = 1,5-cyclooctadiene). The solid state structures of [Rh(13b)(COD)]BPh 4 (16b), [Rh(13c)(COD)]BPh 4 (16c), [Rh(14a)(COD)]BPh 4 (17a), [Rh(14b)(COD)]BPh 4 (17b), [Rh(15a) 2(COD)]BPh 4 (18a), and [Rh(15b)(COD)]BPh 4 (18b) were determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction. The complex [Rh(15a) 2(COD)]BPh 4 (18a) is unusual in that two of the pyrazolyl-NHC ligands (15a) are coordinated to the metal through the NHC donor instead of one ligand forming the expected chelate. These complexes (with the exception of 18a) were found to be effective catalysts for the hydrogenation of styrene. The catalytic activity was correlated with complex structure, and it was found that the greater the steric bulk of the metal bound ligand, the slower the rate of the hydrogenation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7029-7038
Number of pages10
JournalDalton Transactions
Issue number35
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009
Externally publishedYes

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