Quantitative analysis and scaling of sheared granitic magmas

M. A. Koenders*, N. Petford

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    16 Citations (Scopus)


    We present a quantitative treatment of the macroscopic behaviour of a sheared granitic magma using Biot's theory [Biot, 1941] and a shear-dilatancy sensitive material model for the solids. The calculations are relevant to a magma in the solidosity range 0.55-0.7. The resulting excess pore pressure distribution is a function of the position and the time. Results are presented in graphical form. A scaling emerges that enables the results to be presented in non-dimensional form. A sensitivity study is carried out of the parameters describing the rheology of the solid matrix (including permeability features). The model enables the estimate of pressure and flow rates, thus opening a way of understanding the features in the granite crystal mush that are caused by upflowing magma. At high strain rates (10-10 s-1) flow rates due to shear far exceed melt movement due to buoyancy effects.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1231-1234
    Number of pages4
    JournalGeophysical Research Letters
    Issue number8
    Publication statusPublished - 15 Apr 2000


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