Quantitative non-invasive cell characterisation and discrimination based on multispectral autofluorescence features

Martin E. Gosnell*, Ayad G. Anwer, Saabah B. Mahbub, Sandeep Menon Perinchery, David W. Inglis, Partho P. Adhikary, Jalal A. Jazayeri, Michael A. Cahill, Sonia Saad, Carol A. Pollock, Melanie L. Sutton-Mcdowall, Jeremy G. Thompson, Ewa M. Goldys

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Citations (Scopus)
18 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Automated and unbiased methods of non-invasive cell monitoring able to deal with complex biological heterogeneity are fundamentally important for biology and medicine. Label-free cell imaging provides information about endogenous autofluorescent metabolites, enzymes and cofactors in cells. However extracting high content information from autofluorescence imaging has been hitherto impossible. Here, we quantitatively characterise cell populations in different tissue types, live or fixed, by using novel image processing and a simple multispectral upgrade of a wide-field fluorescence microscope. Our optimal discrimination approach enables statistical hypothesis testing and intuitive visualisations where previously undetectable differences become clearly apparent. Label-free classifications are validated by the analysis of Classification Determinant (CD) antigen expression. The versatility of our method is illustrated by detecting genetic mutations in cancer, non-invasive monitoring of CD90 expression, label-free tracking of stem cell differentiation, identifying stem cell subpopulations with varying functional characteristics, tissue diagnostics in diabetes, and assessing the condition of preimplantation embryos.

Original languageEnglish
Article number23453
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalScientific Reports
Volume6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 Mar 2016

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