Quantum black holes: Entropy and entanglement on the horizon

Etera R. Livine*, Daniel R. Terno

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

67 Citations (Scopus)


We are interested in black holes in Loop Quantum Gravity (LQG). We study the simple model of static black holes: the horizon is made of a given number of identical elementary surfaces and these small surfaces all behaves as a spin-s system accordingly to LQG. The chosen spin-s defines the area unit or area resolution, which the observer uses to probe the space(time) geometry. For s = 1/2, we are actually dealing with the qubit model, where the horizon is made of a certain number of qubits. In this context, we compute the black hole entropy and show that the factor in front of the logarithmic correction to the entropy formula is independent of the unit s. We also compute the entanglement between parts of the horizon. We show that these correlations between parts of the horizon are directly responsible for the asymptotic logarithmic corrections. This leads us to speculate on a relation between the evaporation process and the entanglement between a pair of qubits and the rest of the horizon. Finally, we introduce a concept of renormalisation of areas in LQG.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)131-161
Number of pages31
JournalNuclear Physics B
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2006
Externally publishedYes


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