Quantum control and information processing in optical lattices

Poul S. Jessen, D. L. Haycock, G. Klose, G. A. Smith, Ivan H. Deutsch, Gavin Brennen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Neutral atoms offer a promising platform for single- and many-body quantum control, as required for quantum information processing. This includes excellent isolation from the decohering influence of the environment, and the existence of well developed techniques for atom trapping and coherent manipulation. We present a review of our work to implement quantum control and measurement for ultra-cold atoms in far-off-resonance optical lattice traps. In recent experiments we have demonstrated coherent behavior of mesoscopic atomic spinor wavepackets in optical double-well potentials, and carried out quantum state tomography to reconstruct the full density matrix for the atomic spin degrees of freedom. This model system shares a number of important features with proposals to implement quantum logic and quantum computing in optical lattices. We present a theoretical analysis of a protocol for universal quantum logic via single qubit operations and an entangling gate based on electric dipole-dipole interactions. Detailed calculations including the full atomic hyperfine structure suggests that high-fidelity quantum gates are possible under realistic experimental conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)20-32
Number of pages13
JournalQuantum Information and Computation
Volume1
Issue numberSUPPL. 1
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2001

Keywords

  • Coherent control
  • Optical lattice
  • Quantum computation
  • Quantum state reconstruction

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