Quantum-Enhanced Optical-Phase Tracking

Hidehiro Yonezawa, Daisuke Nakane, Trevor A. Wheatley, Kohjiro Iwasawa, Shuntaro Takeda, Hajime Arao, Kentaro Ohki, Koji Tsumura, Dominic W. Berry, Timothy C. Ralph, Howard M. Wiseman*, Elanor H. Huntington, Akira Furusawa

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

136 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Tracking a randomly varying optical phase is a key task in metrology, with applications in optical communication. The best precision for optical-phase tracking has until now been limited by the quantum vacuum fluctuations of coherent light. Here, we surpass this coherent-state limit by using a continuous-wave beam in a phase-squeezed quantum state. Unlike in previous squeezing-enhanced metrology, restricted to phases with very small variation, the best tracking precision (for a fixed light intensity) is achieved for a finite degree of squeezing because of Heisenberg's uncertainty principle. By optimizing the squeezing, we track the phase with a mean square error 15 ± 4% below the coherent-state limit.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1514-1517
Number of pages4
JournalScience
Volume337
Issue number6101
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Sep 2012

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