Quantum hypothesis testing for exoplanet detection

Zixin Huang, Cosmo Lupo

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    Abstract

    Detecting the faint emission of a secondary source in the proximity of the much brighter one has been the most severe obstacle for using direct imaging in searching for exoplanets. Using quantum state discrimination and quantum imaging techniques, we show that one can significantly reduce the probability of error for detecting the presence of a weak secondary source, especially when the two sources have small angular separations. If the weak source has intensity ε ≪ 1 relative to the bright source, we find that the error exponent can be improved by a factor of 1/ε. We also find linear-optical measurements that are optimal in this regime. Our result serves as a complementary method in the toolbox of optical imaging, with applications ranging from astronomy to microscopy.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number130502
    Pages (from-to)130502-1-130502-6
    Number of pages6
    JournalPhysical Review Letters
    Volume127
    Issue number13
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 23 Sep 2021

    Bibliographical note

    Copyright 2021 American Physical Society. Firstly published in Physical Review Letters, 127(13), 130502. The original publication is available at https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.127.130502. Version archived for private and non-commercial use with the permission of the author/s and according to publisher conditions. For further rights please contact the publisher.

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