We consider the precise quantum state of two trapped, coupled Bose-Einstein condensates in the two-mode approximation. We seek a representation of the state in terms of a Wigner-like distribution on the two-mode Bloch sphere. The problem is solved using a self-consistent rotation of the unknown state to the south pole of the sphere. The two-mode Hamiltonian is projected onto the harmonic-oscillator phase plane, where it can be solved by standard techniques. Our results show how the number of atoms in each trap and the squeezing in the number difference depend on the physical parameters. Considering negative scattering lengths, we show that there is a regime of squeezing in the relative phase of the condensates which occurs for weaker interactions than the superposition states found by Cirac et al. (quant-ph/9706034). The phase squeezing is also apparent in mildly asymmetric trap configurations.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics|
|Publication status||Published - Apr 1998|