This study examines the Poisson tumour control probability (TCP) γ₃₇ and D₃₇ parameters of a uniformly irradiated numerical tumour model using changes in tumour burden as a surrogate for treatment response information. An optimum dose Di for a tumour sub-volume element Vi is described that maximizes TCP as a function of fixed tumour integral dose ξ. TCP was calculated for spatially-varying clonogen density for a total 10⁸ cells and radiosensitivity α with mean radiosensitivity in the range 0.4-1.0 Gy⁻¹. A bivariate normal distribution is used to describe the radiosensitivity α and the linear term of the linear-quadratic (LQ) cell kill governed the changes in the regional tumour burden within sub-volumes Vi. The optimum dose distribution, Di, for Vi is obtained as a function of fixed tumour integral dose ξ. For a uniform dose delivery and for TCP = 37%, γ₃₇ and D₃₇ are described by the effective radiosensitivity αeff and the effective clonogen number N0eff, respectively. αeff is equivalent to differential dose changes in the number of clonogenic cells (tumour burden). The γ₃₇ values were found to be inversely correlated with variance of the probability density function of the α distribution. For the biologically optimum dose distribution, γ₃₇ was found to converge to the theoretical maximum limit and D₃₇ was found to reduce relative to that obtained for the uniform dose case. The TCP parameters γ₃₇ and D₃₇ could thus be useful in optimising individual radiation treatment doses even when tumour heterogeneity is taken into account.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Physics: Conference Series|
|Publication status||Published - 2014|
|Event||International Conference on the Use of Computers in Radiation Therapy (17th : 2013) - Melbourne|
Duration: 6 May 2013 → 9 May 2013