Rain, prey and predators

climatically driven shifts in frog abundance modify reproductive allometry in a tropical snake

Gregory P. Brown, Richard Shine*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

45 Citations (Scopus)


To predict the impacts of climate change on animal populations, we need long-term data sets on the effects of annual climatic variation on the demographic traits (growth, survival, reproductive output) that determine population viability. One frequent complication is that fecundity also depends upon maternal body size, a trait that often spans a wide range within a single population. During an eight-year field study, we measured annual variation in weather conditions, frog abundance and snake reproduction on a floodplain in the Australian wet-dry tropics. Frog numbers varied considerably from year to year, and were highest in years with hotter wetter conditions during the monsoonal season ("wet season"). Mean maternal body sizes, egg sizes and post-partum maternal body conditions of frog-eating snakes (keelback, Tropidonophis mairii, Colubridae) showed no significant annual variation over this period, but mean clutch sizes were higher in years with higher prey abundance. Larger females were more sensitive to frog abundance in this respect than were smaller conspecifics, so that the rate at which fecundity increased with body size varied among years, and was highest when prey availability was greatest. Thus, the link between female body size and reproductive output varied among years, with climatic factors modifying the relative reproductive rates of larger (older) versus smaller (younger) animals within the keelback population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)361-368
Number of pages8
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2007
Externally publishedYes


  • anuran
  • climate change
  • foraging
  • predator-prey
  • reptile
  • Tropidonophis mairii

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