Rapid back to back adenosine stress/rest technetium-99m teboroxime myocardial perfusion SPECT using a triple-detector camera

T. Chua, H. Kiat, G. Germano, K. Takemoto, G. Fernandez, Y. Biasio, J. Friedman, D. Berman*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Citations (Scopus)


Technetium-99m-teboroxime is characterized by a high extraction fraction over a wide range of blood flow rates, rapid myocardial clearance and avid hepatic uptake. This study determined the imaging parameters and examined the clinical efficacy of a rapid back to back adenosine stress/rest teboroxime myocardial perfusion SPECT protocol using a triple-detector camera. Acquisition parameters were determined using cardiac phantom studies which were then applied in SPECT studies of 51 catheterized patients (22 with prior myocardial infarction) and 20 patients with a 'low' (7.9% ± 4.3%) likelihood of coronary artery disease. Technetium-99m-teboroxime (20-25 mCi) was injected at the third minute of adenosine infusion. Teboroxime (20-25 mCi) was also injected at rest, 15 min later. Stress followed by rest SPECT were completed within 25 min using a triple-detector camera and sequential, 1-min continuous rotations in alternating directions. Summed raw data from the first to second (1-2 min), second to third (2-3 min) and second to fifth (2- 5 min) minutes of imaging following stress teboroxime injection were reconstructed and compared for image quality, degree of liver interference, and accuracy for diagnostic efficacy. In a subgroup of 30 patients, 2-8-min summed images were also reconstructed to compare this more conventional imaging protocol with our rapid acquisition. Image quality was fair to good in 75% of the 1-2-min, 84% of the 2-3-min and 2-5-min studies and 53% of the 2-8-min scans. The frequency of severe liver interference appeared to increase with the duration of imaging time (1-2 min: 3%; 2-3 min: 7%; 2-5 min: 8%) and was greatest (30%, p = 0.08) with 2-8-min images. Three patients (4%) had uninterpretable studies due to intense hepatic uptake. Overall sensitivity (95%) and specificity (71%) were equal for the 2-3-min and 2-5- min stress images and appeared better than in the 1-2-min images (84% and 57%, respectively). For the 2-8-min scans, vessel sensitivity (69%) and specificity (63%) appeared poorer than with 2-3-min studies (83% and 81%, respectively). Normalcy rates were 89% for the 2-3-min and 2-5-min and 79% for 1-2-min images. The back to back adenosine stress/rest teboroxime SPECT can be performed in 30 min using a triple-detector camera. Although overall high sensitivity and normalcy rates were achieved, the protocol is technically demanding. Interference due to intense liver uptake remains problematic.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1485-1493
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Nuclear Medicine
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 1993
Externally publishedYes

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