Rapid naming components and their relationship with phonological awareness, orthographic knowledge, speed of processing, and different reading outcomes

George K. Georgiou, Rauno Parrila, John R. Kirby, Kathy Stephenson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

69 Citations (Scopus)


This study examines (a) how rapid automatized naming (RAN) speed components - articulation time and pause time - predict reading accuracy and reading fluency in Grades 2 and 3, and (b) how RAN components are related to measures of phonological awareness, orthographic knowledge, and speed of processing. Forty-eight children were administered RAN tasks in Grades 1, 2, and 3. Results indicated that pause time was highly correlated with both reading accuracy and reading fluency measures and shared more of its predictive variance with orthographic knowledge than with phonological awareness or speed of processing. In contrast, articulation time was only weakly correlated with the reading measures and was rather independent from any processing skill at any point of measurement.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)325-350
Number of pages26
JournalScientific Studies of Reading
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2008
Externally publishedYes


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