Rates of false positive outcomes on the A-WPTAS picture items in a sample of non-concussed athletes

Joel Pienmunne*, Jenny Batchelor, Bianca De Wit, Paul Sowman

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    Accurate diagnosis of sports related concussion ensures that athletes are removed from play if concussed and prevents incorrect removal when a concussion has not occurred. Although various screening tools are currently in use, there is no gold standard measure with which to diagnose sports related concussion. Objective: The current study aimed to investigate the diagnostic accuracy of the Abbreviated Westmead Post Traumatic Amnesia Scale (A-WPTAS) picture task, a neurocognitive measure used to assess mild traumatic brain injury. The incidence of false positive classifications and the potential confounding effect of exercise on scores on the A-WPTAS picture items were examined.Methods: The study included an athlete group comprising 33 players and a control group comprising 37 subjects. The A-WPTAS picture task was completed on three testing occasions, separated by three week intervals.Results: Results revealed that the A-WPTAS picture task was highly accurate (>95%) in correctly classifying participants with no concussion across all three testing occasions. There was no significant difference between the two groups in relation to false positive outcomes on any testing occasion, suggesting that exercise was not a confounding factor.Conclusions: Findings provide preliminary evidence to support the use of the A-WPTAS picture task in a sporting context
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)783-787
    Number of pages5
    JournalBrain Injury
    Issue number7
    Early online date10 May 2021
    Publication statusPublished - 7 Jun 2021


    • sports-related concussion
    • post-traumatic amnesia
    • PTA
    • Westmead Post Traumatic Amnesia Scale


    Dive into the research topics of 'Rates of false positive outcomes on the A-WPTAS picture items in a sample of non-concussed athletes'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this