Reactive power management of distribution networks with wind generation for improving voltage stability

N. K. Roy*, H. R. Pota, M. J. Hossain

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Citations (Scopus)


This paper proposes static and dynamic VAR planning based on the reactive power margin for enhancing dynamic voltage stability of distribution networks with distributed wind generation. Firstly, the impact of high wind penetration on the static voltage stability of the system is analysed and then the effect of composite loads on system dynamics is presented through an accurate time-domain analysis. A new index, reactive power loadability (Q-loadability), is used to measure the vulnerability of the network to voltage collapse. Compensating devices are located using Q-loadability to increase the system voltage stability limit. Finally, a cost-effective combination of shunt capacitor bank and distribution static compensator (D-STATCOM) is determined through static and dynamic analyses to ensure voltage stability of the system after a sudden disturbance for different wind penetration levels. This study takes into account the induction motor dynamic characteristics which influence the transient voltage recovery phenomenon. The results show that the proposed approach can reduce the required sizes of compensating devices which, in turn, reduces costs. It also reduces power losses and improves the voltage regulation of the system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)85-94
Number of pages10
JournalRenewable Energy
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • Composite load
  • Distributed generation
  • Q-loadability
  • Reactive power margin
  • Wind turbine


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