Real-time monitoring and operation of microgrid using distributed cloud–fog architecture

Morteza Dabbaghjamanesh, Amirhossein Moeini, Abdollah Kavousi-Fard*, Alireza Jolfaei

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper, a new distributed multi-agent framework based on the three layers’ fog computing architecture is developed for real-time microgrid economic dispatch and monitoring. To this end, the changes of load at any time will be tracked by the proposed technique, considering unit sudden exits and entries. Moreover, to make the system more realistic, different renewable energies, including photovoltaics (PVs), wind turbines (WTs), fuel cells (FCs), and microturbines (MT) are considered in the proposed technique. To overcome the complexity of the problem, by using advantages of fog computing, a new fast consensus-based optimization algorithm is used, which is modified based on the fuzzy adaptive leader technique. Finally, the proposed technique is simulated and tested on microgrids with 6 and 14 buses, respectively. Simulation results demonstrate and validate the effectiveness of the proposed technique, as well as the capability to track the changes of load with the interactions in real-time and the fast convergence rate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15-24
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Parallel and Distributed Computing
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2020


  • Consensus
  • Distributed optimization
  • Energy management
  • Fog computing
  • Microgrid


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