Reasoning on the basis of fantasy content: Two studies with high-functioning autistic adolescents

Kinga Morsanyi*, Simon J. Handley

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Reasoning about problems with empirically false content can be hard, as the inferences that people draw are heavily influenced by their background knowledge. However, presenting empirically false premises in a fantasy context helps children and adolescents to disregard their beliefs, and to reason on the basis of the premises. The aim of the present experiments was to see if high-functioning adolescents with autism are able to utilize fantasy context to the same extent as typically developing adolescents when they reason about empirically false premises. The results indicate that problems with engaging in pretence in autism persist into adolescence, and this hinders the ability of autistic individuals to disregard their beliefs when empirical knowledge is irrelevant.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2297-2311
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Volume42
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2012
Externally publishedYes

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