Recent advances in polymeric nanostructured ion selective membranes for biomedical applications

Rajni Sharma, Marzieh Geranpayehvaghei, Fatemeh Ejeian, Amir Razmjou, Mohsen Asadnia*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Nano structured ion-selective membranes (ISMs) are very attractive materials for a wide range of sensing and ion separation applications. The present review focuses on the design principles of various ISMs; nanostructured and ionophore/ion acceptor doped ISMs, and their use in biomedical engineering. Applications of ISMs in the biomedical field have been well-known for more than half a century in potentiometric analysis of biological fluids and pharmaceutical products. However, the emergence of nanotechnology and sophisticated sensing methods assisted in miniaturising ion-selective electrodes to needle-like sensors that can be designed in the form of implantable or wearable devices (smartwatch, tattoo, sweatband, fabric patch) for health monitoring. This article provides a critical review of recent advances in miniaturization, sensing and construction of new devices over last decade (2011–2021). The designing of tunable ISM with biomimetic artificial ion channels offered intensive opportunities and innovative clinical analysis applications, including precise biosensing, controlled drug delivery and early disease diagnosis. This paper will also address the future perspective on potential applications and challenges in the widespread use of ISM for clinical use. Finally, this review details some recommendations and future directions to improve the accuracy and robustness of ISMs for biomedical applications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number122815
Pages (from-to)1-21
Number of pages21
JournalTalanta
Volume235
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2021

Keywords

  • Ion-selective membranes
  • Nanostructures
  • Artificial ion-channels
  • Biomedical
  • Implants
  • Drug delivery

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