Recognition of facial emotion and perceived parental bonding styles in healthy volunteers and personality disorder patients

Leilei Zheng, Hao Chai, Wanzhen Chen, Rongrong Yu, Wei He, Zhengyan Jiang, Shaohua Yu, Huichun Li, Wei Wang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aims: Early parental bonding experiences play a role in emotion recognition and expression in later adulthood, and patients with personality disorder frequently experience inappropriate parental bonding styles, therefore the aim of the present study was to explore whether parental bonding style is correlated with recognition of facial emotion in personality disorder patients. Methods: The Parental Bonding Instrument (PBI) and the Matsumoto and Ekman Japanese and Caucasian Facial Expressions of Emotion (JACFEE) photo set tests were carried out in 289 participants. Results: Patients scored lower on parental Care but higher on parental Freedom Control and Autonomy Denial subscales, and they displayed less accuracy when recognizing contempt, disgust and happiness than the healthy volunteers. In healthy volunteers, maternal Autonomy Denial significantly predicted accuracy when recognizing fear, and maternal Care predicted the accuracy of recognizing sadness. In patients, paternal Care negatively predicted the accuracy of recognizing anger, paternal Freedom Control predicted the perceived intensity of contempt, maternal Care predicted the accuracy of recognizing sadness, and the intensity of disgust. Conclusions: Parenting bonding styles have an impact on the decoding process and sensitivity when recognizing facial emotions, especially in personality disorder patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)648-654
Number of pages7
JournalPsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
Volume65
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • emotion recognition
  • facial expression
  • JACFEE
  • Parental bonding Instrument
  • personality disorder

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