Recognition of own- and other-race faces in autism spectrum disorders

C. Ellie Wilson, Romina Palermo, A. Mike Burton, Jon Brock

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    16 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Empirical data regarding the extent of face recognition abnormalities in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is inconsistent. Here, 27 ASD and 47 typically developing (TD) children completed an immediate two-alternative forced-choice identity matching task. We contrasted recognition of own- and otherrace faces, and, counter to prediction, we found a typical advantage for recognizing own- over other-race faces in both the ASD and TD groups. In addition, ASD and TD groups responded similarly to stimulus manipulations (use of identical or different photographs for identity matching and cropping stimuli to remove hair information). However, age-standardized scores varied widely within the ASD sample, and a subgroup of ASD participants with impaired face recognition did not exhibit a significant ownrace recognition advantage. An explanation regarding early experience with faces is considered, and implications for research of individual variation within ASD are discussed.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1939-1954
    Number of pages16
    JournalQuarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology
    Volume64
    Issue number10
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2011

    Keywords

    • autism
    • face recognition
    • other-race effect
    • individual differences

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