Recombinant Wolbachia heat shock protein 60 (HSP60) mediated immune responses in patients with lymphatic filariasis

Chandanapurath Shiny, Nagampalli S A Krushna, Subash Babu, S. Elango, Guruswamy Manokaran, Rangarajan Badri Narayanan*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Wolbachia, an endosymbiont present in filarial nematodes, have been implicated in a variety of roles, including the worm development and survival. Elucidation of the role of Wolbachia in filarial nematode biology and pathogenesis has become the focus of many studies and its contribution to parasite survival or immune response is still unclear. Recombinant Wolbachia HSP60 decreases T cell activation and lymphoproliferation in filarial infected people compared to endemic controls as observed by the assessment of T cell activation markers and cytokine responses in the peripheral blood mononuclear cells. Reduced T cell activation may be linked to T regulatory cell activity since it is associated with increased expression of CTLA4 and CD25 on CD4 + T cells in filarial infected group upon stimulation with recombinant Wolbachia HSP60. In addition, elevated interleukin-10 and TGF-β cytokines corroborate the reduced CD4 + T cell activation and interferon-γ observed upon recombinant Wolbachia HSP60 stimulation in filarial patients. Hence, these findings indicate that Wolbachia HSP60 may also contribute to the immune modulation seen in filarial patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1221-1231
Number of pages11
JournalMicrobes and Infection
Volume13
Issue number14-15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Brugia malayi
  • Cytokines
  • Filaria
  • Immune modulation
  • T cells
  • Wolbachia

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