Reconceptualizing plural sourcing

Anna Krzeminska, Glenn Hoetker, Thomas Mellewigt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Citations (Scopus)


Firms often procure the same input via multiple means, e.g., making and buying. Recent papers have yielded rich, but inconsistent, theoretical and empirical insights. Resolving these inconsistencies requires reconceptualizing two aspects of plural sourcing: what and how. We reconceptualize plural sourcing as a set of combined governance modes—make‐and‐buy, make‐and‐ally, and buy‐and‐ally—which differ in their capabilities and limitations. We demonstrate our reconceptualization's potential with propositions predicting the choice of specific plural sourcing modes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1614-1627
Number of pages14
JournalStrategic Management Journal
Issue number13
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • plural sourcing
  • concurrent sourcing
  • make-and-buy
  • tapered integration
  • governance choice
  • similarity


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