Recycled blessings

an investigative case study of a rewrapped Egyptian votive mummy using novel and established 3D imaging techniques

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


This case study was the first of its kind, where neutron computed tomography (CT) was applied to a wrapped mummified animal. Conventional X‐ray CT was also used to allow for meaningful comparison, and complementary data for a comprehensive investigation. Previous applications of both techniques are limited to metallic objects, such as bronze Buddhas. The mummy used in this study (IA.2402) is dated between the Third Intermediate Period (1069–664 BCE) to Late Period (664–332 BCE) according to the wrapping style, and was originally believed to contain a complete skeleton of a feline. However, precise date and provenance were unknown. Our results prove the presence of only partial juvenile feline remains, and provide a date range for artefact creation (900–804 BCE ± 30) and alteration (367–204 BCE ± 30). Therefore, this study implements an established imaging technique (neutron CT) in a novel way, while preserving and conserving the intrinsic value of the artefact through non‐destructive investigation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1160-1174
Number of pages15
Issue number5
Early online date23 May 2019
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2019



  • neutron
  • computed tomography
  • X-ray
  • votive offerings
  • mummification
  • radiocarbon
  • ancient Egypt

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