Recycling ground MSWI bottom ash in cement composites: long-term environmental impacts

Zhenzhou Yang, Sicong Tian, Lili Liu, Xidong Wang, Zuotai Zhang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Citations (Scopus)


In the present study, the long-term leaching behaviors of heavy metals in the cement composites prepared by the municipal solid wastes incineration (MSWI) bottom ash are evaluated based on the modified NEN 7375 protocol. The leaching test of the compact and ground cement composites were performed in both the deionized water and saline water for 180 days. The results showed that the heavy metals investigated could be classified into three categories according to their leaching behaviors. In the first category, the concentrations of Cu, Cd, Pb, As, V and Ba in the leachate increased with the leaching time. Zn and Sn can be included into the second category, because a decline in their leaching concentrations was observed after the initial increase. In the third category, the concentration of Ni in the leachate decreased initially, but increased afterward. The results revealed that the concentrations of most heavy metals were within the corresponding regulation, except for As in saline water. The kinetic study revealed that, for most heavy metals, the leaching kinetic is controlled by diffusion in the deionized water, while by the surface wash-off in the saline water. Finally, the mechanical tests confirmed that the cement composites prepared by MSWI bottom ash were durable in the saline water. The overall results demonstrate that the MSWI bottom ash can be a promising alternative as the cementitious component applied in cements or concretes for civil engineering.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)841-848
Number of pages8
JournalWaste Management
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2018


  • MSWI bottom ash
  • Long-term leaching
  • Heavy metal
  • Kinetic study


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