Reductionism or layered complexity? The futures of futures studies

Sohail Inayatullah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Citations (Scopus)


Futures studies is likely to evolve through changes in five areas. They are: (1) forecasting to anticipatory action learning; (2) reductionist to complex; (3) horizontal to vertical; (4) from short-term empiricist research to the return of long-term history, including grand narratives; and (5) scenario development to moral futures.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)295-302
Number of pages8
Issue number3-4
Publication statusPublished - 2002
Externally publishedYes


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