Regime type, post-materialism, and international public opinion about U.S. foreign policy: the Afghan and Iraqi wars

Benjamin E. Goldsmith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Previous research (e.g. Horiuchi,Goldsmith, and Inoguchi, 2005) has shown some intriguing patterns of effects of several variables on international public opinion about US foreign policy. But results for the theoretically appealing effects of regime type and post-materialist values have been weak or inconsistent. This paper takes a closer look at the relationship between these two variables and international public opinion about US foreign policy. In particular, international reaction to the wars in Afghanistan (2001) and Iraq (2003) are examined using two major multinational surveys. The conclusions of previous research are largely reinforced: neither regime type nor post-materialist values appears to robustly influence global opinion on these events. Rather, some central 'interests', including levels of trade with the US and NATO membership, and key 'socialized' factors, including a Muslim population, experience with terrorism, and the exceptional experiences of two states (Israel, Albania) emerge as the most important factors in the models. There is also a consistent backlash effect of security cooperation with the US outside of NATO. A discussion of these preliminary results points to their theoretical implications and their significance for further investigation into the transnational dynamics of public opinion and foreign policy.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23-39
Number of pages17
JournalJapanese Journal of Political Science
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006

Keywords

  • United States foreign policy
  • international relations
  • war and society

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