Regional HRM trends in private and public sectors: A comparative approach

József Poór*, Denise Mary Jepsen, Boróka Viktória Musztyné Bátfai, Zsuzsanna Pótó, Klara Veresné Valentinyi, Zsuzsa Karoliny

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


This study analyses the similarities (convergence) and differences (divergence) in human resource (HR) practices in the private and public sectors in 32 countries over a 12 year period. The paper starts with New Public Management (NPM) overview and its critiques and then discusses HR convergence, divergence and cross-vergence tendencies. Using the Cranet database of HR practitioner-employee ratio, performance appraisal systems use and application, unionization levels and training days metrics, analysis focuses on the three groupings of NPM countries, Central and Eastern European countries and all other countries. The hypothesis that HR practices of private and public sectors differ less in NPM countries than in the other two groups of countries is partially supported.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)311-331
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of East-West Business
Issue number4
Early online date11 Feb 2021
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • Convergence
  • divergence
  • human resource management
  • new public management
  • private sector
  • public sector


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