We propose for the first time new transmission schemes based on linear precoding to enable simultaneous confidential broadcasting and power transfer in a multiuser multi-input single-output network, where a base station with N antennas simultaneously transmits power and confidential messages to K single-antenna users. We first design two transmission schemes based on the rules of regularized channel inversion (RCI) for both power splitting (PS) and time switching (TS) receiver architectures, namely, RCI-PS and RCI-TS schemes. For each scheme, we derive channel-independent expressions to approximate the secrecy sum rate and the harvested power in the large-system regime where K,N → ∞ with a fixed ratio β =K/N. Based on the large-system results, we jointly optimize the regularization parameter of the RCI and the PS ratio or the TS ratio such that the secrecy sum rate is maximized subject to an energy-harvesting constraint. We then present the tradeoff between the secrecy sum rate and the harvested power achieved by each scheme, and find that neither scheme always outperforms the other one. Motivated by this fact, we design an RCI-hybrid scheme based on the RCI and a newly proposed hybrid receiver architecture. The hybrid receiver architecture takes advantages of both the PS and TS receiver architectures. We show that the RCI-hybrid scheme outperforms both the RCI-PS and RCI-TS schemes.
|Number of pages||13|
|Journal||IEEE Journal on Selected Topics in Signal Processing|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 2016|