Regulation of carotenoid biosynthesis in photosynthetic organs

Briardo Llorente*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A substantial proportion of the dazzling diversity of colors displayed by living organisms throughout the tree of life is determined by the presence of carotenoids, which most often provide distinctive yellow, orange and red hues. These metabolites play fundamental roles in nature that extend far beyond their importance as pigments. In photosynthetic lineages, carotenoids are essential to sustain life, since they have been exploited to maximize light harvesting and protect the photosynthetic machinery from photooxidative stress. Consequently, photosynthetic organisms have evolved several mechanisms that adjust the carotenoid metabolism to efficiently cope with constantly fluctuating light environments. This chapter will focus on the current knowledge concerning the regulation of the carotenoid biosynthetic pathway in leaves, which are the primary photosynthetic organs of most land plants.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCarotenoids in nature
Subtitle of host publicationbiosynthesis, regulation and function
EditorsClaudia Stange
Place of PublicationSwitzerland
PublisherSpringer, Springer Nature
Chapter5
Pages141-160
Number of pages20
Volume79
ISBN (Electronic)9783319391267
ISBN (Print)9783319391243
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2016
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NameSub-Cellular Biochemistry
PublisherPlenum Publishers
Volume79
ISSN (Print)0306-0225

Keywords

  • Carotenoid biosynthesis
  • Carotenoids
  • Land plants
  • Metabolic regulation
  • Photosynthesis

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