Rehabilitation of walking after stroke

Mark G. Bowden*, Aaron E. Embry, Lindsay A. Perry, Pamela W. Duncan

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Rehabilitation of walking after stroke has been investigated with a variety of interventions, which will be outlined in this review. To date, the majority of interventions have demonstrated a positive, but similar effect in the primary clinical outcome of self-selected walking speed. Consistent among the most successful interventions is a focus on the intensity of the intervention and the ability to progress rehabilitation in a structured fashion. Successful progression of rehabilitation of walking likely lies in the ability to combine interventions based on an understanding of contributing underlying deficits (eg, motor control, strength, cardiovascular endurance, and dynamic balance). Rehabilitation programs must account for the need to train dynamic balance for falls prevention. Lastly, clinicians and researchers need to measure the effects of rehabilitation on participation and health related quality of life.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)521-530
Number of pages10
JournalCurrent Treatment Options in Neurology
Volume14
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • External devices
  • Locomotor training
  • Physical therapy
  • Rehabilitation
  • Speed paradigm
  • Split-belt paradigm
  • Strength training
  • Stroke
  • Treadmill training
  • Walking

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