Relentlessly progressive Sweet syndrome of the eye with scleritis and choroidal infiltration

Amit V. Mishra*, Adrian T. Fung, Andre S. Pollmann, Rosemary Henderson, Carol Shields, R. Rishi Gupta

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalLetterpeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: To describe a case of Sweet syndrome, a dermatologic inflammatory disease, with progressive, unrelenting ocular findings. Methods: Case report. Results: A 73-year-old male was evaluated with a six-month history of Sweet syndrome, manifesting as cutaneous erythematous edematous papules on the dorsal arms and shins and confirmed with biopsy demonstrating neutrophil infiltration with nuclei fragmentation and lack of vasculitis. He initially noted a unilateral red eye with ocular pain and was found to have scleritis and choroidal infiltration. The patient’s ocular disease progressed despite treatment with systemic corticosteroids, intraocular Ozurdex ®, systemic dapsone, and subtenons triamcinolone. Systemic evaluation was negative for malignancy or other inflammatory syndromes. Following 7 months of non-manageable ocular pain enucleation was offered to the patient, but he declined. Conclusion: Sweet syndrome, a dermatologic condition, can be associated with unilateral scleritis and choroidal infiltration that are relentlessly progressive despite maximal systemic and ocular corticosteroid therapy.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages5
JournalOcular Immunology and Inflammation
Early online date19 Aug 2020
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 19 Aug 2020

Keywords

  • choroidal infiltration
  • eye
  • scleritis
  • skin
  • Sweet syndrome

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