Removal of Pb and Zn from contaminated soil by different washing methods

the influence of reagents and ultrasound

Jiaming Wang, Jianguo Jiang*, Dean Y. Li, Tianran Li, Kaimin Li, Sicong Tian

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Pb and Zn contamination in agricultural soils has become an important issue for human health and the environment. Washing is an effective method for remediating polluted soil. Here, we compare several washing materials and methods in the treatment of Pb- and Zn-polluted farmland soil. We examined four washing reagents, hydrochloric acid, citric acid, Na(2)EDTA, and tartaric acid, all of which independently removed Zn at rates > 65 %. Combining washing reagents markedly enhanced heavy metal removal, by using Na(2)EDTA and either tartaric acid or lactate in sequence: Pb and Zn removal rates improved to 84.1 and 82.1 % for Na(2)EDTA-tartaric acid; and to 88.3 and 89.9 % for Na(2)EDTA-lactate, respectively. Additionally, combining ultrasound with conventional washing methods markedly improved washing efficiency, by shortening washing duration by 96 %. We achieved similar removal rates using ultrasound for 10 min, compared with traditional mechanical vibration alone for 4 h. We concluded that treating Pb- and Zn-contaminated soil with appropriate washing reagents under optimal conditions can greatly enhance the remediation of polluted farmland soils.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)20084-20091
Number of pages8
JournalEnvironmental Science and Pollution Research
Volume22
Issue number24
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Soil washing
  • Heavy metal
  • Washing reagents
  • Pb, Zn contaminated soil
  • Ultrasound
  • HEAVY-METALS
  • SEQUENTIAL EXTRACTION
  • INDUSTRIAL SLUDGE
  • RIVER SEDIMENTS
  • CITRIC-ACID
  • FOOD WASTE
  • REMEDIATION
  • EDTA
  • CU
  • COLUMN

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