Repeatability and predictors of a potentially blood pressure-independent parameter of arterial stiffness

Mark Butlin, James Cox, Bart Spronck, Isabella Tan, Alberto Avolio

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    Abstract

    Background: Arterial stiffness (e.g., as measured by carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV)) changes acutely with blood pressure (BP). High cfPWV at high BP could be due to structural arterial changes or acute BP effects. Various parameters have been proposed as BP-independent parameters of arterial stiffness. These rely on assumptions to simplify theoretical calculations. This study evaluates a parameter quantifying BP dependency of cfPWV through BP manipulation, avoiding assumptions and mathematical derivations. Methods: Brachial BP and cfPWV (SphygmoCor XCEL, AtCor Medical, Australia) were assessed in seated and supine position. The postural change invokes a systemic and hydrostatic BP change, thus changing cfPWV. ΔcfPWV/ΔBP was calculated. Repeatability was assessed in 25 participants (28 ± 11 years (mean ± SD), 52% female) across two visits on separate days. Cross-sectional correlation with age, gender, height, weight, seated BP, and supine cfPWV was assessed by stepwise linear regression across 135 participants (49 ± 23 years, 48% female). Results: Mean ΔcfPWV/ΔBP was 0.061 ± 0.025 m/s/mmHg. Repeatability showed a between-measurement difference of 0.005 ± 0.028 m/s/mmHg (8.2% error on mean). ΔcfPWV/ΔBP was cross-sectionally correlated with seated diastolic BP (standardised β = –0.506, p < 0.001), systolic BP (β = 0.503, p < 0.001), weight (β = –0.220, p = 0.006), and heart rate (β = 0.178, p = 0.039) (model p < 0.05, r2 = 0.264). Conclusion: ΔcfPWV/ΔBP showed fair repeatability. Notwithstanding accounting for BP, it correlated with typical long-term modifiers of arterial stiffness such as chronic elevated BP and weight. Further studies are required to validate if dividing ΔcfPWV by ΔBP, following acute intervention, creates an acceptable BP-independent arterial stiffness variable before the parameter is investigated for cardiovascular risk prediction to evaluate its clinical utility.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article numberP9
    Pages (from-to)S51
    Number of pages1
    JournalArtery Research
    Volume25
    Issue numberSupplement 1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2019
    EventAssociation for Research into Arterial Structure and Physiology Conference 2019: ARTERY 2019 - Budapest, Hungary
    Duration: 10 Oct 201912 Oct 2019

    Bibliographical note

    Copyright the Association for Research into Arterial Structure and Physiology 2019. Version archived for private and non-commercial use with the permission of the author/s and according to publisher conditions. For further rights please contact the publisher.

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