Replicated evolution in plants

Maddie E. James, Tim Brodribb, Ian J. Wright, Loren H. Rieseberg, Daniel Ortiz-Barrientos*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)
3 Downloads (Pure)


Similar traits and functions commonly evolve in nature. Here, we explore patterns of replicated evolution across the plant kingdom and discuss the processes responsible for such patterns. We begin this review by defining replicated evolution and the theoretical, genetic, and ecological concepts that help explain it. We then focus our attention on empirical cases of replicated evolution at the phenotypic and genotypic levels. We find that replication at the ecotype level is common, but evidence for repeated ecological speciation is surprisingly sparse. On the other hand, the replicated evolution of ecological strategies and physiological mechanisms across similar biomes appears to be pervasive. We conclude by highlighting where future efforts can help us bridge the understanding of replicated evolution across different levels of biological organization. Earth's landscape is diverse but also repeats itself. Organisms seem to have followed suit.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)697-725
Number of pages29
JournalAnnual Review of Plant Biology
Early online date6 Jan 2023
Publication statusPublished - May 2023

Bibliographical note

Copyright the Author(s) 2023. Version archived for private and non-commercial use with the permission of the author/s and according to publisher conditions. For further rights please contact the publisher.


  • convergent
  • Parallel
  • Adaptation
  • Speciation
  • Constraints
  • Plants


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