Reporting on Australian childhood visual impairment: the first 10 years

Susan Silveira*, Frank J. Martin, Maree Flaherty, Heather C. Russell

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background
Visual impairment is rare but has significant impact on the neurobehavioural development and quality of life of children. This paper presents the key findings from the Australian Childhood Vision Impairment Register, which commenced in 2008 to report on children diagnosed with permanent visual impairment.

Subjects/methods
Families consent to completing a data form related to their child and for contact with the child’s ophthalmologist. Ophthalmologists complete and return a comprehensive data form on the child’s primary and secondary ocular diagnoses, associated disabilities and health conditions, visual acuity and visual fields. Data is stored on a secure database and anonymised data is available to researchers and for planning purposes.

Results
Nine-hundred four children and their families provided informed consent for participation, with 57% males and 43% females. Most children spoke English in their home. Eighty-three percent of children were born full term, with a birth weight of >2500 g (81%). Children were commonly suspected to have visual impairment by a parent, with 68% of families receiving a diagnosis of visual impairment by their child’s first birthday. The most common primary diagnoses were retinal dystrophy (17%), CVI (15%) and Albinism (11%). A secondary diagnosis of infantile nystagmus occurred in 33% of children. Additional disabilities and/or developmental delay were reported for 44% of children. Corrected binocular visual acuity was reported for 75% of children, with moderate visual impairment being most common.

Conclusions
These findings contribute to knowledge of rare diseases affecting the eye and visual pathway and represent Australian childhood visual impairment.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1412–1418
Number of pages7
JournalEye
Volume36
Issue number7
Early online date30 Jun 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2022

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