Research agenda

Language learning beyond the classroom

Hayo Reinders, Phil Benson

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

31 Citations (Scopus)


Most language learning research is carried out either in classrooms or among classroom learners. As Richards (2015) points out, however, there are two dimensions to successful learning: what happens inside classrooms and what happens outside them. Rapid development of online media, communications technologies and opportunities for travel has also expanded the world beyond the classroom for language learners. Language learning and teaching beyond the classroom (LBC) is, thus, emerging as a field ripe for the development of new research agendas (Benson & Reinders 2011; Nunan & Richards 2015). We propose potentially fruitful avenues for research here under the headings of settings for learning, learning processes and teaching.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)561-578
Number of pages18
JournalLanguage Teaching
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2017

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