It is difficult to regulate rapidly changing fields of science. New technologies are not anticipated and legislation becomes inadequate. Legislative definitions are also problematic. This article begins with consideration of such difficulties in the context of research on human embryos and cloning. It considers problems with past legislative definitions in Australia, the new regulatory regime, and whether that regime now sets clear boundaries. It is found that problems still exist – some terms are not adequately defined and boundaries for research prove unclear. Three regulatory approaches are therefore discussed. Legislation based on strict definitions is compared to a legislative model that leaves terms undefined. The third model – which combines framework legislation with the oversight of a regulatory authority – is seen as most suitable. However, problems with this model are recognised and suggestions made regarding how to ensure the “framework” remains workable and effective.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Journal of Law and Medicine|
|Publication status||Published - 2005|