Research review: Can we justify the widespread dissemination of universal, school-based interventions for the prevention of depression among children and adolescents?

Susan H. Spence*, Alison L. Shortt

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

    117 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    This review examines the evidence concerning the efficacy and effectiveness of universal, school-based interventions designed to prevent the development of depression in children and adolescents. It evaluates the outcomes of research in relation to standards of evidence specified by the Society for Prevention Research (Flay et.al., 2005). The limited evidence available brings into doubt the efficacy and effectiveness of current universal, school-based approaches to the prevention of depression, suggesting that the widespread dissemination of such interventions would be premature. Relatively brief programs, that focus specifically on enhancing individual skills and characteristics of the individual in the absence of environmental change, may be insufficient to produce lasting effects in the prevention of depression among children and adolescents.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)526-542
    Number of pages17
    JournalJournal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines
    Volume48
    Issue number6
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jun 2007

    Keywords

    • Depression
    • Prevention
    • School
    • Universal

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